Monday, June 29, 2015

Legislation on the way to punish Spitters


Courtesy_
Dinamalar ePaper

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துப்பினால் 'பைன்': நாடு முழுவதும் அமல்படுத்த மத்திய அரசு திட்டம்: குப்பை போடுபவர்களுக்கும் தண்டனை வழங்க முடிவு 

பதிவு செய்த நாள்: 29 ஜூன் 2015  00:22

புதுடில்லி: சாலைகள், தெருக்களில் எச்சில் துப்புவோர், குப்பைகளை வீசி, சுற்றுப்புற சுகாதாரத்தை சீர்கெடுப்பவர்களுக்கு கண்டனம், அபராதம், சிறை தண்டனை அளிக்க வகை செய்யும்  சட்டத்தை மத்திய கொண்டு வர உள்ளது. இதன் மூலம் பிரதமர் நரேந்திர மோடியின்,  'துாய்மை இந்தியா' திட்டத்திற்கு சட்ட அந்தஸ்து வழங்க முடிவு செய்யப்பட்டு உள்ளது.

கடந்த ஆண்டு மே மாதம், பிரதமராக பொறுப்பேற்ற நரேந்திர மோடி, அக்டோபர் 2, காந்தி பிறந்த நாளில், 'சுவச் பாரத்' எனப்படும், துாய்மை இந்தியா திட்டத்தை அறிமுகம் செய்து, துடைப்பத்தை கையிலெடுத்தார். 

துாய்மை

மத்திய அரசு அலுவலகங்கள் மற்றும் வளாகங்கள் துாய்மைப்படுத்தப்பட்டன. இந்தப் பணியில், மாநில அரசுகளும் தாங்களாக முன்வந்து இணைந்தன. மாநில அரசின் அலுவலகங்கள், பள்ளி, கல்லுாரிகளின் வளாகங்கள் துாய்மைப் படுத்தப்பட்டன.சிங்கப்பூர் போன்ற சில நாடுகளில் இருப்பது போல, துாய்மை பராமரிப்புக்காக சட்டம் கொண்டு வருவது என முடிவு செய்த மத்திய அரசு, சட்ட அமைச்சகத்திடம் கருத்து கேட்டது. 

'சுகாதாரம், துாய்மை பணிகள் போன்றவை மாநில அரசின் பொறுப்பில் உள்ளதால், மத்திய அரசு சட்டம் போட்டாலும் மாநிலங்களை கட்டுப்படுத்த முடியாது' என, சட்ட அமைச்சகத்தின் சட்ட விவகாரத்துறை கருத்து தெரிவித்தது.எனினும், முன்மாதிரி திட்டம் ஒன்றை வரைந்து, அதை மாநில அரசுகள் பின்பற்ற வலியுறுத்தலாம்; மாநில அரசுகளுக்கு ஏற்ப, அந்த சட்டத்தில் வேண்டிய திருத்தங்களை மேற்கொள்ள அனுமதிக்கலாம் என, சட்ட விவகாரத்துறை தெரிவித்தது.அதன்படி, மத்திய அரசு, புதிய வரைவு திட்டம் ஒன்றை வரைந்துள்ளது. 

அதில், சுற்றுப்புற சூழலுக்கு ஊறு ஏற்படுத்தும் வகையில் குப்பை போடுவோர், எச்சில் துப்புவோர், திறந்தவெளியில் மலம், சிறுநீர் கழிப்போர் போன்றவர்களுக்கு அபராதம் அல்லது தண்டனை விதிப்பது என்பது உட்பட சில அம்சங்கள் இடம்பெற்றுள்ளன.

அதிகாரம்

இந்த திட்டம், மாநில அரசுகளுக்கு அனுப்பி வைக்கப்பட்டு, பின்பற்றுமாறு வலியுறுத்தப்பட உள்ளது.இந்த புதிய திட்டப்படி, சுற்றுப்புறத்தை மாசுபடுத்துவோரை தண்டிக்கும் அதிகாரம், அந்தந்த பகுதியில் உள்ள நகராட்சி அல்லது உள்ளாட்சி அமைப்புகளுக்கு வந்து சேரும். இதில், மத்திய அரசின் தலையீடு இருக்காது. இப்படித் தான், மாநில அரசுகளின் கட்டுப்பாட்டில் இருந்த தெருவோர வியாபாரிகள் ஒழுங்கு படுத்துதல் சட்டத்தில், மத்திய அரசு கூறிய திருத்தங்களை, மாநிலங்கள் ஏற்றுக் கொண்டதால், சுகாதாரம் தொடர்பான திட்டங்களையும் மாநில அரசுகள் அமல்படுத்த முன்வரும் என்ற நம்பிக்கை உள்ளது.

ஆக்ராவில் அதிரடி

சமாஜ்வாதி கட்சியைச் சேர்ந்த, முதல்வர் அகிலேஷ் யாதவ் தலைமையிலான, உ.பி.,யின் ஆக்ரா நகரில், தாஜ்மஹாலின் அழகை ரசிக்க வருபவர்களுக்கு தர்மசங்கடத்தை ஏற்படுத்தும் வகையில், தெருவோரங்களில், திறந்தவெளிகளில் சிறுநீர் கழித்த, 100க்கும் மேற்பட்டோர், போலீசாரால் பிடிக்கப்பட்டு, 100 ரூபாய் முதல், 500 ரூபாய் வரை அபராதம் விதிக்கப்பட்டு உள்ளது.இதே நடைமுறை, நாட்டின் பிற சுற்றுலா மையங்கள், முக்கிய நகரங்களில் அமல்படுத்தப்பட வேண்டும் என்ற குரல் எழுந்துள்ளது.

'பயோ டாய்லெட்' அதிகரிக்கும்

ரயில் பாதையில், ரயில்களின் கழிப்பறைகளில் இருந்து விழும் மலம் மற்றும் சிறுநீர், அந்தப் பாதையின் சுற்றுப்புற சூழலை பாதிக்கிறது. இதற்கு மாற்றாக, 'பயோ டாய்லெட்' எனப்படும், கழிப்பறையில் சேரும் கழிவுகளை அழிக்கும் விசேஷமான பாக்டீரியாவை கொண்ட பெட்டிகள், கழிப்பறைகளின் கீழே அமைக்கப்படுகின்றன.இந்த வசதி, புதிதாக வடிவமைக்கப்படும் ரயில்களில் செய்யப்படுகிறது. குறிப்பிட்ட காலத்திற்குள், கூடுதல் ரயில்களில் பயோ டாய்லெட் அமைக்க முடிவு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது.கடந்த மார்ச் மாதத்துடன், 

17 ஆயிரம் பயோ டாய்லெட்டுகள், ரயில் பெட்டிகளில் புதிதாக அமைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன. இந்த ஆண்டு அக்டோபர் 2ம் தேதிக்குள், 175 கி.மீ.,யில், டாய்லெட் கழிவுகள் விடாத வகையில், அந்தப் பகுதியில் ஓடும் ரயில்களின் பெட்டிகளில் பயோ டாய்லெட் அமைக்கப்பட உள்ளது. அதுபோல, நடப்பு நிதியாண்டிற்குள், 367 கி.மீ., ரயில் பாதையில் கழிவுகள் விழாத வகையில், ரயில் பெட்டிகளில் பயோ டாய்லெட் அமைக்கப்பட உள்ளது.குறிப்பாக, ராமேஸ்வரம் - மானாமதுரை,  114 கி.மீ., வழித்தடத்தில், ஜம்மு - கத்ரா, 78 கி.மீ., வழித்தடத்தில் இயங்கும் ரயில்களில், பயோ டாய்லெட் அமைக்கப்பட உள்ளது.


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Bill gets President's nod, watch out smokers and spitters

By Our Special Correspondent

Sunday, Mar 09, 2003 

Chennai, March 8: Watch out, smokers and spitters. From now on, anyone caught smoking and spitting in places of public use in Tamil Nadu will be fined between Rs. 100 and 500.

Last week, the President gave the nod for the Bill, banning smoking and spitting in public places, which was hanging fire for nearly a year now.

In effect, smokers caught puffing a cigarette, beedi or pipe will attract a fine. And, those found spitting in public places or aboard public vehicles after chewing tobacco, tobacco products or betel leaves with areca nuts too or using snuff will have to pay a penalty.

First-time offenders will have to pay Rs.100 and second and subsequent offences will attract a minimum fine of Rs.200 and may extend up to Rs. 500.

The Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Smoking and Spitting Bill, adopted in April last, was published in the gazette on Thursday.

Official sources attributed the delay in the Presidential assent mainly to the Centre planning a similar legislation for the entire nation. However, as the Central Bill has been put in cold storage and as there is no immediate sign of the law being enacted immediately, the President cleared the Tamil Nadu legislation.

According to the law, "smoking and spitting" are prohibited in "places of public work and use", which include cinema halls, commercial offices, restaurants, bus stops and amusement centres and beaches, besides government offices and religious places.

Roadsides exempted

However, there still is no blanket ban on spitting and smoking on roadsides. For, the legislation says not all open places will be declared "non-spitting and smoking" areas.

According to the legislation, smoking means smoking of tobacco in the form of cigarette, cigar, beedi or otherwise with pipe, wrapper or any other instrument.

Spitting is defined as "voluntary ejection of saliva from the mouth" after chewing tobacco or tobacco products or ejection of mucus from the nose after inhaling snuff.

Those putting out advertisements promoting smoking or chewing of tobacco products aboard public vehicles and at places of "public use and work" too and those storing, selling or distributing them within 100 meters of educational institutions will be fined up to Rs. 500 for first-time offence.

The second-time and subsequent offenders will be punished with imprisonment up to three months or with a minimum fine of Rs. 500 and a maximum of Rs.1000 or both.

Any authorised officer or any police officer, not below the rank of sub-inspector, and any driver or conductor of a public service vehicle may "eject" any person, who contravenes any provision.

The Government has brought in the law in view of the increase in the incidence of cancer, lung and heart diseases.

Besides, the places of public work or use have become unhygienic and environment got polluted owing to spitting after chewing tobacco and ``panmasala''.


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Caught spitting? Pay Rs 1,000, do social work

Malathy Iyer & Sujit Mahamulkar, TNN | Jun 17, 2015, 03.09AM IST

The law is likely to act as a precursor to banning chewing tobacco in public

MUMBAI: Spitting on streets could cost people dear as the state cabinet on Tuesday approved an innovative anti-spitting law that combines monetary punishment with mandatory community service.

The first time a citizen is caught spitting, he or she will have to shell out Rs 1,000 as fine and take a day out to do social work at a public hospital or a government office. Second-time offenders will have to pay Rs 3,000 plus three-day community service, and repeat offenders Rs 5,000 plus five-day service, respectively. The amount collected in fines will be used only for healthcare services.

"We have discussed the issue in the cabinet meeting and decided to form a committee led by health minister Dr Deepak Sawant. Their report will be submitted within a month," said chief minister Devendra Fadnavis at a press conference after the cabinet meeting on Tuesday morning.

Dr Sawant, who has been working on the draft for months, said the law will be in place within the next six months. The anti-spitting bill will now have to cleared in both the state legislature houses. "The offender should do community service in a government hospital or office, like take on sweeping for a day or more. Designated officers will be appointed in every establishment," added Dr Sawant.

The law is likely to act as a precursor to banning chewing tobacco in public. People who chew tobacco cannot avoid spitting because tobacco stimulates the salivary glands to produce more saliva. "The harms of passive smoking led to the ban on smoking in public places. Now, the recognition about how spitting can spread infectious diseases will lead to a ban on chewing tobacco at public places,'' said cancer specialist and anti-tobacco activist Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi from Tata Memorial Hospital.

Dr A Bamne, executive health officer of BMC, said an anti-spitting law would bring down transmission of all airborne diseases. "It will also affect the tobacco-chewing habit as people will be restrained from spitting out tobacco. This is a move towards a healthy lifestyle," said Dr Bamne.

A four-minister committee has been set up to work out the bill's modalities. "The committee will give a report to the government at the end of monsoon session. It will frame rules to be followed,'' he said.

BMC had a bye-law on anti-spitting or littering in public places, but failed. Dr Sawant, though, assured that there would be no political intervention with the anti-spitting law. "The committee will suggest who will be the implementing authority at various places and how to collect the fines. For instance, in Mumbai city, BMC commissioner will be the in-charge, but traffic police or police could be authorized to collect fine on the roads," the health minister added.

The government plans to develop a software to track offenders and use the CCTV network to look for offenders.


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Maharashtra plans to make tobacco-chewers, spitters sweep government offices for a day

Sujit Mahamulkar, TNN | Mar 6, 2015, 11.01 PM IST

Any person who chews tobacco or spits in a public space must clean a government office or hospital for a day, for eight “working” hours: Maharashtra government's proposal

MUMBAI: If a person is caught not just spitting tobacco but even chewing it in a public place, he may have to work as a government "sweeper" for a day. The state health department is considering this stringent punishment against tobacco users.

This proposal has been forwarded to the state law and judiciary department for legal opinion. It states that any person who chews tobacco or spits in a public space must clean a government office or hospital for a day, for eight "working" hours.

Health minister Dr Deepak Sawant said the existing civic bye-law on spitting or chewing and sale of tobacco products should be amended or reframed.

"I have proposed a more stringent law. People caught chewing or spitting tobacco may be ready to pay a fine of, say, Rs 2,000, but this is not enough. A person spitting from a luxury car should be made to clean a government office for a day and if a driver spits on the road, his licence should be suspended for at least a month. Only then will they learn a lesson."

Sawant forwarded the suggestion after a meeting with state health department officials last week. "I hope the law department's response is positive."

The health department wants the police and the local self-government's involvement in the proposed system. The local self-government will be empowered to function as a monitoring agency. The police will be hand over the guilty to the local self-government, which will punish the person in accordance with the proposed law," he said.

Spitting in public places is a major cause of communicable diseases such as tuberculosis.

While Dr Abhay Shukla, national co-convener of Jan Swasthya Abhiyan, called the proposal "positive", he said some issues need to be sorted out first, such as awareness about public sanitation, and adequate funds and staff to implement the plan.

BMC has been already implementing a cleanliness bye-law, under which a fine of Rs 200 is levied for spitting. Earlier, BMC had appointed zonal level private cleaning agencies, but this practice was stopped after corporators got extortion complaints.


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Maha Govt. Approves Anti Spitting Law Charging Rs 1,000 and Day’s Social Work

R P K RATHOD 17 June, 2015

Maharashtra State cabinet comes up with radical policy surprising the frequent spitters chewing pan masala and other mouth refreshing consumables. Maharashtra cabinet let by the Chief Devendra Fadnavis ascended with an innovative anti-spitting law approved on Tuesday in the country which combines monetary punishment with mandatory community service for the people spitting in streets, roads and other public places.

Citizens caught spitting on roads, in busses, streets and many other public places for the first time would be now compelled to dish out Rs 1,000 as fine and should spend a day out to do social work at a public hospital or a government office as per the newly  framed anti-spitting law of Maharashtra Government.

Citizens caught for the second time violating the law would be charged with Rs 3,000 plus as fine and they need to serve three-day community service. If some dares enough to violate the law again by spitting and making the public places filthy they would charged with Rs 5,000 and added to this they need to serve five-day community service. Collected fined amount would be spent on healthcare services as the Ministry of Heath, Maharashtra.

Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis at a press conference said “We have discussed the issue in the cabinet meeting and decided to form a committee led by health minister Dr Deepak Sawant. Their report will be submitted within a month.” after the cabinet meeting on Tuesday morning.

Maharashtra Health Minister Dr Deepak Sawant who was working on the draft for months claimed “the law will be in place within the next six months. The anti-spitting bill will now have to cleared in both the state legislature houses. The offender should do community service in a government hospital or office, like take on sweeping for a day or more. Designated officers will be appointed in every establishment.”

Anti-spitting law of Maharashtra government may act as a harbinger derogating and banning the tobacco chewing in public. Tata Memorial Hospital cancer specialist and anti-tobacco activist Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi from Tata Memorial Hospital quoted “The harms of passive smoking led to the ban on smoking in public places. Now, the recognition about how spitting can spread infectious diseases will lead to a ban on chewing tobacco at public places” while sharing his views about anti-spitting law welcoming it.

People addicted to tobacco may avoid it as while chewing tobacco it stimulates the salivary glands to produce more saliva and compels the person chewing it to spit which may make them to shell out 1000 bucks as penalty for an 5 clams tobacco.

Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi further added “The harms of passive smoking led to the ban on smoking in public places. Now, the recognition about how spitting can spread infectious diseases will lead to a ban on chewing tobacco at public places.” Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai Executive Health Officer Dr A Bamne said “An anti-spitting law would bring down transmission of all airborne diseases. It will also affect the tobacco-chewing habit as people will be restrained from spitting out tobacco. This is a move towards a healthy lifestyle.”

Anti-spit law is being framed by a group of four ministers have been nominated to work out the bill’s modalities. Dr A Bamne further added “The committee will give a report to the government at the end of monsoon session. It will frame rules to be followed and recalled a bye-law on anti-spitting or littering in public places of BMC which failed. I would like to assure that there would be no political intervention with the anti-spitting law.”

“The committee will suggest who will be the implementing authority at various places and how to collect the fines. For instance, in Mumbai city, BMC commissioner will be the in-charge, but traffic police or police could be authorized to collect fine on the roads” Maharashtra Health Minister Dr. Deepak Sawant

As a part of the anti-spitting law Maharashtra government in planning to assimilate the CCTV network to look for offenders and to develop a software to track offenders of law. Doesn’t this step of Maharashtra government needs an appreciation which aims at Swach Bharat. All India Round welcomes the current stand of Maha government and hopes anti spitting bill gets passed in both the state legislature houses.



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